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Fluentd error: Unable to push logs to [elasticsearch]

After application deployments, Kibana stopped showing logs exactly after 7 days. The error "Fluentd error: Unable to push logs to [elasticsearch]" was shown in the fluentd logs. The initial response was to increase the buffer limits for fluentd as follows:

chunk_limit_size 10M
queue_limit_length 256

The behavior occurred again after two weeks, which led to the same error. On closer investigation, the error was preceded by the statement "Failed to write to the buffer." This led me to inspect the fluentd configuration again and found the following code in the buffer part which caused the fluentd buffers to be filled as per the official documentation on Fluentd :

overflow_action block
The fix for this overflow_action is to change from block to drop_oldest_chunk, allowing the fluentd logs to flow seamlessly to the elastic search by dropping the oldest logs in the buffer.

  <buffer>
   @type file
   path /var/log/fluentd-buffers/kubernetes.system.buffer
   flush_mode interval
   retry_type exponential_backoff
   flush_thread_count 2
   flush_interval 5s
   retry_forever
   retry_max_interval 30
   chunk_limit_size 10M
   queue_limit_length 256
   overflow_action drop_oldest_chunk
 </buffer>

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